What helps with feeling of fullness? An expert clarifies


The result after eating greasy and very generous foods are usually bloating and fullness. Gastroenterologist Prof. dr. med. Martina Müller-Schilling reveals how to effectively combat indigestion and treat an irritable bowel.


  • How does feeling of fullness develop?
  • Which foods can promote feelings of fullness?
  • Are there any home remedies that help against bloating?
  • And what about a coffee or espresso after dinner?
  • Can one actually prevent the feeling of fullness?
  • When should you go to the doctor?
  • Other reasons for repeated digestive problems.
  • How can you generally promote stomach health?
  • In the video: What helps with feeling of fullness?

Very greasy and extensive meals can cause problems: Many people suffer from fullness and pain in the upper abdomen after consumption. Can you do anything about it or even prevent it?

Gastroenterologist Prof. dr. med. Martina Müller-Schilling explains and gives valuable tips on how to prevent stomach and intestinal problems.

Prof. Müller-Schilling, how does feeling of fullness develop?
Martina Müller-Schilling: A feeling of fullness and nausea is a problem that everyone of us knows: The stomach is stretched, the pants are stretched, and you can feel some pressure in the digestive tract, which can cause spasms and colicky pain. This is usually caused by air that is swallowed when you speak, excessive gas formation in the intestinal area, or poor gas release.

However, flatulence and the sense of "fullness" are not necessarily pathological: in fact, it is perfectly normal for a healthy person to respond to a meal that is too rich and high in fat and causes problems for the digestive system.

Because fact is: With every digestive process, intestinal gases are produced. The largest part goes into the bloodstream and is then excreted through the lungs. When there is a surplus, however, so-called winds occur, ie flatulence. For this reason, you should pay close attention to what you eat and better avoid foods that cause flatulence.

Which foods can promote feelings of fullness?
Müller-Schilling: We know that legumes, onions, celery, cabbage, sauerkraut and even watermelons can cause indigestion. They all contain sugar molecules that can not be utilized in the small intestine and must be transported on to the large intestine in order to be decomposed by bacteria of the intestinal flora.

This process produces gases and flatulence. The compatibility of the above-mentioned foods, however, varies from person to person. Basically, everyone has to find out for themselves whether onions & Co. are causing him problems or not.

Are there any home remedies that help against bloating?
Müller-Schilling: A few. For example, exercise promotes digestion. Those who have feasted on Christmas with the family, should go for a walk after the meal - this stimulates the muscles, which ensures that the food is forwarded in the digestive tract.

In addition, fennel or caraway, which should accelerate the digestion process, are considered as stomach calming . From the popular liquor to rich food you should, however, keep your fingers. Alcohol loosens the stomach muscles - that is why a schnapps after eating reduces the unpleasant feeling of fullness - but alcohol also delays the digestion of food.

And what about a coffee or espresso after dinner?
Müller-Schilling: Coffee and espresso after a sumptuous meal are indeed a wonderful pleasure and a cultural good - indigestion or feeling of fullness, however, can not prevent them. The caffeine contained in it mobilizes the movements in the stomach and intestine, but the symptoms persist.

Here you will find everything you need to know about coffee!

Can one actually prevent the feeling of fullness?
Müller-Schilling: In a sense, yes. It is important to take the time to eat and not rush into hectic. Eat slowly and chew thoroughly. If the food is already crushed in the mouth intensively, the stomach is no longer required as much in the breakdown of the individual food components. This helps with the digestion of food and prevents a feeling of fullness.

In addition, one should avoid too greasy and difficult digestible food and prefer to put on a balanced diet, such as the Mediterranean diet , which is characterized by plenty of olive oil, nuts, fruits and vegetables and fish and poultry.

That does not mean that you should basically spurn a delicious three-course meal. Make sure that the portions do not get too big while eating and drink plenty of water. Because even a sufficient fluid intake helps that digestive problems do not even arise and the chyme in the gastrointestinal tract can be well transported.

If you still suffer from discomfort: When should you go to the doctor?
Müller-Schilling: A visit to the doctor is always necessary if the indigestion lasts longer or exceeds the usual level. If you suffer from a stomach irritation, heartburn, a sudden, significant weight loss or changes in bowel movements, you should discuss this in any case with your doctor and be examined.

Often food intolerances are the reason for repeated digestive problems.
Müller-Schilling: For example, those who suffer from lactose intolerance can not tolerate milk, milk ice cream or cream. In case of fructose intolerance, the body reacts to too much fructose found in fruits and young vegetables. ( The Ultimate EAT SMARTER Fruit Sugar Ranking )

And if histamine is intolerant or deficient in histamine-degrading enzymes, the consumption of histamine-containing foods such as smoked meats, salami, ham, red wine, tomatoes, chocolates, and ripened cheese causes bloating, diarrhea, or constipation. And at the same time the affected people do not foretell the reason for their complaints.

That is why you should pay attention to his diet and be sensitized when indigestion when eating certain foods occur again and again. A simple breath test at the doctor can provide information on whether food intolerance actually exists or not.

From the age of 55, I also advise women and men to undergo colonoscopy. Many are skeptical about this screening, but they are very effective and an important tool in colorectal cancer screening.

How can you generally promote stomach health?
Müller-Schilling: Generally recommended are sufficient exercise, low alcohol and abstinence from nicotine. Smoking not only causes lung cancer - it can also trigger inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract.

Stress is also a risk factor for stomach health. Those who want to avoid heartburn, should spare his nerves - whenever possible.

In addition, avoid taking painkillers because they attack the gastric mucosa. Who relies on analgesic drugs because he z. B. suffering from back pain, should talk to his doctor about an additional drug that protects the stomach. To take a headache tablet from time to time is no problem. But generally caution should be exercised with painkillers.

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